Writing a Cause-Effect Essay: Drafting the Essay

If you have a thesis statement for your essay and you've researched your topic thoroughly, writing should be easy. Open the Cause and Effect diagram that you created in Webspiration Classroom™ to help you draft your essay.


The Cause and Effect Example is shown below

Cause and Effect drafting


Introduction The opening paragraph needs to do a few things:
  1. Grab the reader's attention
  2. Present your thesis statement
  3. Lead the reader into the body of your essay
Body Each paragraph in the body should reflect a cause or an effect. So if your thesis statement focuses on causes, write one paragraph about each cause. If your thesis focuses on effects, write one paragraph per effect.


In each paragraph, state your main idea and then back it up with your supporting details and facts. Use transition sentences or signal words to connect your sentences and improve your essay’s flow.

Conclusion A conclusion wraps up the essay. A strong conclusion should do one or more of these things:
  • Summarize your three main ideas or arguments
  • Restate your thesis statement in a slightly different way
  • Include something that will keep the readers thinking or wondering about your topic

Using Signal Words
Signal words are transitions that help the reader make cause and effect relationships between ideas. Try to weave some of these signal words into your essay:

  • As a result,
  • Due to
  • For this reason,
  • Consequently,
  • Thus,
  • In all likelihood,


Drafting in Webspiration Classroom
Use Outline View in Webspiration Classroom to draft the essay. You can type your paragraphs directly into the outline as if you were working in a word processing program. This will allow you to get feedback from your peers and teacher using the Collaboration Tools.

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